ADI Part 2 - Manoeuvres

The Driving Manoeuvres You Need To Know For The ADI Part 2

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The Keys to Success

"Remember, on all the manoeuvres the SE will be looking for excellent all round effective observations, a good level of co-ordination of the controls and a high degree of accuracy . . . keep in mind that your Part 2 skills form the foundations for Part 3 success!"
Harry Elkan ADI Trainer

Related Pages

Information on the Trainee Licence
Help with Instructional Skills
How to fix faults with Remedial Action
Developing your Personal Style
Learn some of the common Part 3 myths

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The Keys to Success

"Master the ms-psl routine and use it in every aspect of your driving . . . use the system flexibly and wisely to deal with every type of hazard you see"
Harry Elkan ADI Trainer

ADI Part 2 Manoeuvres

You'll need to learn the manoeuvres inside out for the Part 2 test of driving abilityIn this section we'll take a look at all the driving manoeuvres you'll need to know before attempting your part 2 test of driving ability.

The manoeuvres for the ADI part 2 test are exactly the same as those you'll find on any learner driving test anywhere in the UK. The only difference is that you'll find yourself having to complete more manoeuvres on the part 2 test, and the SE will want to see a much higher standard of skill than that required for a learner test.

A typical learner test will usually involve a drive of between 30 and 35 minutes, and will include the examiner asking the candidate to demonstrate perhaps 2 or 3 of the available manoeuvres during the drive. The emergency stop is only carried out on approximately one third of all driving tests in the UK.

On the part 2 test, you'll drive for a little longer, perhaps 45 to 55 minutes. You'll also be expected to demonstrate a few more of the pre set manoeuvres. It's typical for a trainee to have to complete at least 5 or 6 of the driving test exercises.

In this section, you'll find help and advice on all of the driving manoeuvres. You'll find helpful tips and some of the common causes of test failures caused by errors during the manoeuvres.

What you won't find are full, step by step tutorials on the manoeuvres. The reason for this is that we don't want to cause confusion with your own trainers techniques. Most visitors to this site will be taking some form of ADI training, so we've therefore decided to respect that, and instead to provide you with the extra information that you'll find invaluable - what the SE is looking for and the common dangers and pitfalls.

Would you like full step by step tutorials? If so, contact us and we'll consider it carefully.

For those of you looking for a far more in depth discussion of the skills you need for part 2, and much more information and practical hints and tips you need for success, check out our instructor training publications section, where you'll find the very best ADI part 2 guides available.

We'll be explaining just what the SE is looking for, and helping you to achieve a great result for your part 2 test of driving ability.

It's essential that you know the manoeuvres inside out. Not only could you have to teach them to the SE during your part 3 test of instructional ability, but you'll be teaching them to your learners throughout your career as a driving instructor.

Take the time and make the effort at the part 2 stage of your training, to become thoroughly familiar with all the skills you need to develop yourself into a good instructor. The results are worth the work.

Always seek the help and advice of your trainer, and follow your chosen training path.

Reference Points

Just a quick word about the use of reference points for the driving manoeuvres.

What I mean by reference points, are the "one full turn when the kerb comes into view in the lower corner of that window" techniques.

Reference points are very valuable and give you a good initial indication of when to steer, when to straighten up, when to stop etc. But you should be very wary of using them if the car you take the test in will not be exactly the same as the car you've been training in. All cars are different, and you may get an unpleasant surprise.

In addition, any reference points that you do use should be fixed and unmovable. I knew an ADI some time ago, now retired, who used to take learners on test routes and say "turn the wheel to the left when the front of the car points at that dustbin outside number 38"

I don't know what his learners would do on test if it was 'bin day' and it had been moved!

What the SE is looking for

On each and every manoeuvre, the SE will be looking for the same basic skills. These skills run through all the manoeuvres. The basic skills are:


Without a shadow of doubt, observation is the area that many trainees have difficulty with. To perform any manoeuvre you must take effective observation. There is no other way of keeping the car safe.

You will need to show your ability to take full and effective observations, not only before starting the exercise, but also whilst completing it. Aim to think of a 'safety bubble' around the car. Get a feel for where the most dangerous areas are during the manoeuvres, and ensure that you plan your observations accordingly.

Co-ordination of the Controls

You'll need to keep the vehicle under full control throughout any manoeuvre you are asked to complete. Clearly, you'll need plenty of practice in developing excellent coordination skills, taking into account all round observations, using the hand controls and steering wheel, and operating the foot pedals.

You may find that setting the gas is not necessary, depending upon which car you use and the circumstances you find yourself in when completing the exercise. This will ease the coordination considerably, and also smooth out the whole manoeuvre.

Each manoeuvre should be completed very slowly. Slower than walking pace. This gives you time to carry out your effective observations and also time to operate the controls of the car. Clearly, you need to complete the exercise with due regard for other road users, so the SE will not want to see you delaying too much in areas of danger. Complete the exercise without undue hesitation, but keep the car moving slowly.


On each manoeuvre, you need to be accurate with your control of the vehicle. Bumping the kerbs is not to be recommended, neither is straying too far from the kerb in the left reverse and right reverse.

You can improve your accuracy with plenty of practice with your trainer, and by learning the reference points for your chosen training vehicle


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