ADI Part 3 - Pull up or Keep Moving?

ADI part 3 - Can I Sort This On The Move?

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The Keys to Success

"Getting your level of instruction right is important for Part 3 success . . . listen carefully to what the SE tells you at the start of your PST and pitch your instruction accordingly"
Harry Elkan Grade 6 ADI Trainer

Pull up or Keep Moving?

Do you pull up? Or do you keep moving?This is one of the most common question we are asked by instructor trainees. The question is usually along the lines of . . . "so, which faults do I pull them up for, and which do I sort out on the move?"

The answer, which may not be particularly welcome to many trainees, is that it's impossible to give a concrete formula to answer this. In other words, there is no answer.

As a teacher, which is what you will be as a driving instructor, you have to develop all of the skills of teaching and communication, so that you can remain flexible and approach each situation on it's individual merits.

This is one of those reasons why you simply can't repeat the pre set tests over and over, hoping that it will all be ok on the day. No part 3 test is ever the same, even with the same SE. That's because no driving lesson is ever the same, even with the same learner.

You must develop the confidence that comes with the flexibility of knowing you can deal with anything.

We'll discuss here some of the thought processes you'll need to go through when deciding whether to pull up or not.

Let's think about the variables that affect our decision . . .

What stage and level of skill is your pupil at?

What are the road and traffic conditions at the time?

What was the fault?

Does it need an in depth analysis and discussion? or will a few quick words do the trick?

I could go on and on . . .

All I can give you are general 'rules of thumb'

If you are on a phase 1 lesson, near to the start of your pupils course of driving - ie. moving off, approaching or emerging, you are unlikely to have the need to pull the pupil over to discuss the fault too often.

The pupil will need to be controlled by you with an iron fist anyway, so you should be pro actively sorting out any faults before or as they are made.

You will have the car moving relatively slowly, depending upon the prevailing conditions, so that you can actively teach them what to do. In this instance, as I've said, it's unlikely that you'll need to pull them over, unless they are clearly unaware of the whole procedure. But you'll have taught them that in the briefing, won't you?

Think about your pupils state of mind and skill level . . . as a phase 1 learner with only a few lessons experience, the universe is a very small place. In fact, it's not much bigger than the cockpit of the car. The learner is more concerned with pressing those scary pedals and staying alive, than they are with the more advanced areas of driving procedure.

With a real learner at this stage, if you pull them over to discuss faults that are way beyond them, the learner will have difficulty remembering what happened, and you run the risk of demoralising them.

Clearly, as the learner progresses, this situation changes. More of your learners attention is projected outside of the car as they become more confident with the controls.

The drive will tend to be a little quicker and the learner becomes more aware of the errors they make. Now we are moving into the 'gray area', where we have to make the decision about pulling over.

Think now about a learner way, way ahead of the previous one. Our new learner is at test standard, and has asked you for a half hour brush up on approaching. Sound familiar? It's an SE on phase 2.

Now, what differences can you expect?

Well, all your learners attention should be on driving procedure, and very little on using the controls of the car. Road safety, attitude, and correct road procedures become the key factors to develop.

The car will be moving much quicker, up towards the speed limit, and the learner will probably display a greater degree of confidence.

If this more experienced learner commits a simple error that can be dealt with very quickly, such as one dropped mirror check or not palming the gear stick correctly, we can deal with it very quickly on the move.

Assess the error and decide if you need to pull upIf they commit a more serious PST related error that you don't want repeating, or they continue to make the same minor errors despite your help, or indeed they make a series of errors that you can't cope with on the move, then the time to pull over has arrived

You assess your learners performance and see them seriously cutting the corner on a right turn. They didn't cause any danger. They enter the new road, mirror check, and accelerate up to 30mph.

Do you think that you could really deal with this, with a full discussion of the possible consequences, analyse the fault and put the remedial action in place whilst driving along a busy road at 30mph?

Of course not. You'd end up with no time to talk because you'd have to break off to deal with other hazards.

You'd get the SE to pull over at a convenient place to deal with this. Yet many trainees try to deal with situations such as this on the move. They end up trying to sort this out whilst the SE makes more and more errors . . . now what do you do? the car is still moving quickly . . . which do you deal with first?

"STOP THE WORLD, I WANT TO GET OFF!!" comes to mind. The trainee ends up feeling that the entire situation has run away with them. They feel completely out of control and have no idea what to do about it. Errors are mounting up, and we're still driving at 30mph towards other hazards . . . oh dear.

Never allow this situation to develop. Take control of the SE and the lesson. Get the SE pulled over, even if you have to do it more than once. Of course, we deal with errors on the move wherever possible, but if the situation dictates it - pull over

If a fault needs a discussion to sort it out, or if too many small errors are being made, get the car stopped.

Our two learners above are at the extremes of their course of driving. One at the start, one at the end. The difficult 'gray areas' come somewhere in between.

The rules of thumb are . . .

you are likely to need to pull the SE over on phase 1 - but remain flexible

It is common on phase 2 for the SE to prefer to keep driving if possible. You may need to pull over on phase 2 to remedy PST related errors that are too complex to deal with on the move - but, again, remain flexible

With the new category of 'Full Licence Holder', the need to pull the driver over should be quite rare indeed. You would risk demoralising your client if you did so

Above all, remain flexible, and never, ever, allow the lesson to get out of control - get the car pulled over if you feel like the world is 'running away with you

Your trainer should give you plenty of instruction and practice in this area of training.

I hope that this has been of value.

ADIT Team
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